Circular economy: Using food waste as a resource through ReFeed Circular Nutrition™

Enormous amounts of food are wasted worldwide, and more and more people are aware and concerned about this. According to UN FAO, one-third of all food produced globally is thrown away, that is 1.3 billion tons of food waste per year. We are all facing  an evident need to rethink food production.


It is true that food production systems aim to feed the rapidly growing population and raising demand, but not only world hunger is on the rise,  also environmental consequences are up:  rising CO2 emissions, pollution and loss of productivity, energy abuse, and natural resources wasted. Current waste management methods are built on a linear consumption model, and are obviously unfit to satisfy the longer-term needs of current populations. As the need of a shift is more than evident, a circular design for handling food waste, and more and better  regenerative practices would help restructuring the food economy.

Current waste management methods are built on a linear consumption model, unfit to satisfy the longer-term needs of current populations.

A linear economy operates on a traditional approach in which products are created and utilized only once before being discarded as waste, a circular economy recreates the whole food system by eliminating the concept of waste. With a circular economy, waste is now a resource. This type of design entails reusing, repairing, and recycling preexisting commodities to ensure optimal food patterns and decrease actual waste. A circular economy for food mirrors natural regeneration systems by giving organic resources back to the soil as organic fertilizers, and thus repurposing waste as fuel for the next cycle. This process helps living systems regenerate, promotes biodiversity and supplies renewable resources.


Solutions supported by a circular economy provide a diverse range of benefits. By renewing biological ecosystems, circular food systems enhance soil and water quality, reduce land conversion and lower greenhouse gas emissions. Consequently, this can greatly improve the general health of local ecosystems while also fostering excellent human health and conserving natural habitats. Circular economies also contribute to higher supply chain resilience and diversity, as well as food insecurity reduction.  Furthermore, they offer environmental and economic advantages by preserving raw material sources and decreasing the environmental effects of production and consumption. A circular economy for food increases food security for  people, and fosters resilience in local communities. Is this amazing or not?


A perfect example of a modular, multi-step circular system that recovers 100 percent utility from unused food and food waste is ReFeed’s Circular Nutrition™. With this model, ReFeed Farms has succeeded in what many strive to achieve- feeding people, livestock, and land with recovered produce and agri-food byproducts, and repairing the dysfunctional food system.

ReFeed Farms has succeeded in what many strive to achieve- feeding people, livestock, and land with recovered produce and agri-food byproducts, and repairing the dysfunctional food system.

With this system, ReFeed Farms firstly transfers usable food to food banks to address food insecurity for local communities, and then converts some of the usable excess into livestock feed. Food for livestock is sent to several farms that work with Refeed Canada, most of which are dairy farms, where the cattle ingest tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and other vegetables. Everything that cannot be used in these two ways is channeled into ReFeed’s innovative vertical worm farm, which creates organic, natural fertilizer and soil amendments to aid growers and farmers in reducing their usage of synthetic fertilizers, while also replenishing their soil. Worms assist ReFeed in closing the virtuous Circular Nutrition™ cycle by consuming everything that people cannot use and converting it into organic, microbially dense castings. This methodology is modular, scalable, and exportable everywhere there is food waste and insecurity.  And, with the world’s food system being in shambles, it can be applied anywhere.


ReFeed’s vision matches ours. We partnered with them  to revolutionize a circular design for food waste. Nature + enables companies and private investors to invest directly in regenerative activities, while accessing a range of benefits including impact offsets and building up a positive ESG sustainability score with audited and transparent year-end impact reports. Through Nature + and Reality Gaming Group’s Digital Assets Certificate (DAC), ReFeed is able to invest in specific incentives to follow their impact, and as a result harvest on the external value in an updated and transparent way.


On top of this, ReFeed Farms is also constantly experimenting with new ways in to support regenerative agriculture, eliminate synthetic fertilizers and promote circularity. They have started working on bioreactors to produce biocomplete compost, which is directly linked to concentrated soil microbiology. This will provide them with a product that can be microbially balanced and boosted to become fungal or bacterial dominant. Moreover, because this product is backed up by microscopy verification and full traceability, it will increase beneficial microbial populations in ReFeed’s castings, creating a bio complete soil amendment which can serve as fresh tea in agriculture applications and seed inoculation. With suh a product, ReFeed Farms is able to scale their impact with a microbial technology system which focuses on carbon sequestration, balanced soil microbiology to support regenerative agriculture, elimination of synthetic fertilizer and plant nutrition.


As the environmental and economic benefits of a circular economy for food become evident, and more businesses allow nutrients to be continuously cycled, the system will start working better for everyone — working with nature to protect biodiversity, encourage human health, and stabilize our climate. Circularity in food systems emphasizes that natural systems have the ability to support food production, while also keeping nutrients in their highest and best use. By using circular systems that treat and respect food as a source of life, we can create an economy that values regenerative practices and promotes biodiversity, resilience in local communities and the use of renewable resources.


Get inspired! Check the detail of the project we are running with Refeed Farms

Fostering Resilience To Climate Change Within The Western Wildlife Corridor Of Northern Ghana

In an increasingly industrialized world, the loss and fragmentation of habitats pose significant threats to our wildlife.  An example of this degradation is the Western Wildlife Corridor in northern Ghana, a repository for biodiversity, suitable habitats, foraging grounds, and migratory routes for important terrestrial megafauna such as elephants.


How does this happen? Because of human activity and global warming, animal populations have been divided into smaller subpopulations which jeopardizes their survival.  Overpopulation and overconsumption have led to the depletion of forests and wildlife. A lack of effective enforcement of institutional and policy frameworks for implementing ecological and socio economically sustainable management systems for wildlife resources is constantly noticed.


The Western Wildlife Corridor (WWC) in Northern Ghana is a vast ecological landscape spanning 3,713 km2. It is characterized by savanna ecosystems, bush and woodland savannas, and gallery forests. As an assemblage of protected areas, poorly managed forest reserves, farmlands, open woodlands, and shea parkland, it contains a rich biodiversity of flora and fauna relevant for local livelihoods. It serves for agroforestry, small-scale cash crop plantations like mango and cashew and swidden agriculture. However, its main  focus though is preservation of biological diversity, reduction of rural poverty, and support of the local economy. The Western Wildlife Corridor is formed by three Community Resource Management Areas (CREMAs), non-reserved land masses inhabited by local communities and containing important components of highly accessible biodiversity. Each of three official CREMAs is made up of a number of communities that rely on the landscape’s resources for a living and contribute to the management of those resources through local governance bodies.


Northern Ghana is characterized by a difficult socioeconomic and climatic context, as well as a high poverty rate. As a result, the local population is heavily reliant on natural resources. Natural ecosystems are under severe stress, resulting in landscape degradation and fragmentation. Furthermore, the WWC is constrained by the governance of the CREMAs that comprise it. While these constraints limit the implementation of integrated landscape approaches, Conservation Partners Ghana, an inspiring local organization, has developed a project with the potential to improve the governance of this landscape and reach a sustainable and inclusive economic development that responds to climate change and biodiversity.


To achieve a more sustainable and integrated management and conservation of natural resources along the western wildlife corridor, Conservation Partners Ghana’s involves rural communities and engages in more inclusive, participatory, and interest-based negotiating with stakeholders.


Projects like this, with enormous potential of recovery, and significant impact for people, animal and plant species exactly match our vision. We are proud partners of Conservation Partners Ghana.


Nature+ diverts funds directly proceeding from our investors. In the case of this project, funds are used  to involve and train local communities in sustainable land management, biodiversity monitoring, resource inventories and wildfire management. Additionally, we support 500 women through training and equipment to develop the value chain for shea, including building warehouses for women shea cooperatives, and supporting farmers with agroforestry by establishing forest restoration through assisted regeneration, or landscape restoration through natural regeneration.


So, how is investment value generated? Ecosystems like the Western Wildlife Corridor are natural assets, with a specific value. The right intervention, basically enhances the natural and human cycles, and creates an impact in a number of indicators (67 in total) that together increase the value of that natural asset.


What makes this opportunity unique is that Nature+ is a deep tech company, not an NGO. With a sophisticated data structure, and both digital and manual monitoring we gather all data generated for the impact we produce. Base-line data and monitoring allows us to create both a very solid Life Cycle Assessment on the different phases of the intervention, and very accurate impact goals as projections, that in turn translate in ROI projections, and yields for our investors.


Investing in natural assets is nothing new, traditional pension funds have been doing it for years. However, investing in an intervention project that enhances the value of the natural asset, and supporting it with a sophisticated data layer registered in a blockchain makes a world of a difference:  Without intervention, data and impact goals, traditional “pension fund style” in natural assets is modest. However, by tapping into the factors that boost impact, we proudly offer a significantly more interesting investment option that does not necessarily increase risk.


This is an amazing start, the more funds we can divert into projects, the more hectares, species, youth groups, women groups and farmers we can support, not to forget research institutions and universities involved.


Project expected outcomes


  1. 500 individuals from 20 resource-dependent communities will fully participate in the governance of their resources while effectively adapting to climate change. This outcome will come as a result of training and equipping communities with the right skillset that will help them implement sustainable land management and wildfire management practices.
  2. Restoration and integrated management of natural resources will improve ecological connectivity. This means to create pathways to scale-up landscape restoration across the Corridor in a more consultative manner: functional multi-stakeholder processes with long-term vision for a climate-smart shea industry in Ghana. Training and supporting farmers is key to integrate multi-purpose agroforestry trees to provide for fuelwood, nitrogen fixation, water retention and carbon storage.
  3. 550 local people will derive livelihood benefits as a result of improved non-timber-based commodity value chains. Shea pickers to help women collect three times more nuts per given time, building warehouses for storage, and establishing a community cooperative fund to support shea business start-ups.
This project deserves our attention and support because it looks at the bigger picture. It aims to improve livelihoods while engaging the community to fully participate in the governance of their resources, establishing ecological connectivity and fostering resilience to climate change.


This project is a model, and business case of a  sustainable and inclusive economic development that enhances biodiversity, and we hope an example for many others to get inspired. That is where a nature positive  happens, and that is where we want to be.


Get inspired yourself! Read more about the Western Wildlife Corridor Project.

Combining Nature-based Solutions And Sustainable Investment

When it comes to climate change and land degradation, the major unseen problem is that the earth’s ability to produce oxygen and absorb CO2 is steadily decreasing. Experts refer to this as oxygen depletion and increase in eco-toxicity. For you, this means massive amounts of CO2 released in the environment, declining fertility of soil and a more than evident biodiversity crisis.



The carbon cycle is essential for life on Earth,. Within the carbon cycle, the soil is the major reservoir. In the face of this pressing need for soil, ecosystem and biodiversity preservation, comes the introduction of nature-based solutions. To extract (let’s call it sequester) carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, nature-based solutions entail preserving, repairing, or improving the management of ecosystems. They play a significant role in climate change adaptation and the development of resilience in communities and landscapes, protecting human well-being and the environment. That is why adoption of nature based solutions is increasing, they work, and there is data to prove it.


As all things, real impact is achieved when solutions are applied at scale. One of the motivations we had to launch Nature+ is that interesting options for investing in Nature are lacking. So, with science, technology and entrepreneurship we created a model that produces real measurable impact on ecosystem, but also offers and attractive return for investors. Models like this have been successfully applied by IKEA, or the Rockefeller Foundation.


Simply put  Nature+ is creating an investment pathway to restore Earth’s regenerative capacity and facilitate scaling of sustainable investment, for the benefit of all.

As Sinnet Bödewadt, our Chief Visionary Officer puts it, “We are enabling investment for solutions which, when given the proper environment and conditions, produce the fastest results, the most impact on ecosystems, and the best return for our investors.”


Adoption of Nature based solutions is actually a shift from conventional industrial production methods to regenerative agricultural approaches, starting from continuous soil cover, minimization of soil disturbance and the integration of livestock. Applied to wild land it is about forestry, wetland-related and ocean-based practices to allow the complete rebirth of forests, peatlands and coastal wetlands, and the marine ecosystem.


“When playing the cards right, i.e. creating the proper environment for soil, we can rebuild it in a period of 2 to 5 years,  all with the right plants, conditions and above & underground working in synergy. The same principle applies in 1 hectare, or in 10 million hectares. Time is of valuable essence, so we look for solutions that are practical, easy to implement, effective and low-cost- all characteristics of nature-based solutions.


“Our intervention helps kickstart the process and provide the right conditions for soil, then, with an amazing synergy, the natural cycles do the work in favor of every living creature’s health and well-being.”


As a result, all impact indicators improve, the natural asset increases value, data is generated and turned into an asset, and a yield is produced for our investors. By turning degraded ecosystems into productive land and powerful Carbon sinks, Nature+ is turning the tide from potentially disastrous consequences to Nature positive (Nature+!) ecosystems.


Capital greatly contributes to the advantages of nature-based solutions on weather and climate resilience by boosting farmer adoption of regenerative approaches and by producing tools that enable it, at scale. Nature+ represents an attractive opportunity for Corporations, Venture Capital firms and even traditional funds with a bold vision, and who can benefit of uplifting their value chain (like the food industry), their brand and customer engagement, and naturally their  ESG profile. In the future, we dream of making this opportunity accessible to people.


To put things in perspective, investing in nature-based solutions produces incredible impact in the very short term, and is a proven way to sequester more CO2 and lock it on the earth than other approaches. On the other extreme you have all sorts of investments on emission reduction strategies and technologies (like electric cars and efficient batteries), but if you think of it, these are long shots, that hypothetically would bring a benefit when/if implemented at scale within the right time frame. That means a distant future/hypothetical approach to the most pressing problem we are living right now.

Fundamentally, the Nature+ solutions emanate from our vision: to rebuild and restore Earth’s regenerative capacity for the people and the planet.


This vision helps us to constantly increase the number of holistic solutions that are rooted in an inclusive surplus mindset, rather than a reductive controlling one. This includes connecting companies with farmers, and farmers with customers, creating a combined ownership through which farmers who are handling the natural resources are helped,  impact is followed, and every individual involved in the process is making a difference. Improvement and optimization comes from every direction.


Imagine, nature-based solutions CAN actually create the basis of a production system free of artificial input to produce the best yield and only get stronger and stronger. A combination of nature-based solutions and sustainable investment can lead to lower and hopefully eliminate chemical inputs and runoff, improve soil water-holding capacity, and increase the ecosystem’s overall resilience.




Contact us for detail on how to qualify Nature+ as an investment opportunity,

or get to know us a bit better here.

Building Environmental Transparency with a Blockchain + Life-cycle Assessment Approach

As human progress has steadily eroded our environment, we urgently need a more transparent, accountable, legitimate, effective and systematic framework to quantify and understand, either the damage we’re making, or the impact of our solutions. Good news is, a Life-Cycle Assessment framework combined with Blockchain technology is an incredible response to process impact data with accuracy and transparency.


Transparency entails gathering, storing and disclosing information and data on the impact of products, services, or projects. Impact of a product, service or project should include the entire life cycle, even the period before the raw materials reach the manufacturing. Using the right tools and approaches to assess the influence of the economy, industry, or the creation of individual products, services or projects is critical to successfully and efficiently protect the environment.


Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is the process of analyzing the environmental effects of a product across its full life cycle, including sourcing, production, distribution, usage, and end-of-life phase. Why? To increase resource-use efficiency and decrease environmental damage. It is a strategy to detect potential concerns throughout the life-cycle of a product or service, give qualitative/quantitative data to back up the steady-state risk assessment, and correct deviations.

LCA is likely the most comprehensive objective method for assessing the environmental impact of products, projects, and services.

And it is the approach we use for measuring the impact we create in our projects. It holds huge potential not only for registering a base-line, but for projecting impact goals related to chosen indicators. Think use of pesticides, pollutant load, carbon absorption, water efficiency, quality of produce… Our list is long, actually 67 values.


Blockchain technology?  Originally associated with the financial sector, blockchain is  gradually finding its way for multiple purposes. If  the LCA approach allows focusing on the right indicators, accuracy in gathering data, and thus considerably more detailed analyses and a more precise estimate of the potential influence in different impact categories, then registering this data on a blockchain ads for integrity of the data and transparency.


Blockchain technology is the perfect companion to  LCA. If the latter allows gathering, storing and analysing data, the former ensures integrity of data and transparency.


At Nature+, environmental transparency and protection are core values. We use Reality+ Blockchain design in the life-cycle assessment of our projects to create high quality data based on real time measurements. This is the foundation for assessing the different external values generated by a  Nature+ incentive.


Gathering and registering data is half the deal, what about sharing it with relevant stakeholders? Investors and project stakeholders can access relevant data in a beautiful dashboard. But that is not all, data can be made available in the Nature+ Digital Assets Certificate (DAC). With the DAC, we enable companies that invest in specific incentives to follow the impact they invested in, share it in product labels, for example, or for ESG reporting, and as a result harvest on the external value in an updated and transparent way.


This DAC-LCA approach supported by our Blockchain design gives us a holistic view on projects, enabling us to go beyond the zero-carbon target by creating solutions that are practical and scalable, and focus on regenerating, rebuilding and assisting people, the community and the planet. Holistic, for us, is looking at regenerative and climate impact, social impact, practicality and scalability, accessibility, proof of solution, as well as data transparency and controlling in the potential projects to determine whether the project guarantees the best solutions. You can probably see that this is many times more impactful than focusing on “Carbon only”.


How exactly do we create this foundation?


We have identified 5  phases as part of the journey of our project data. In the first phase, we run initial due diligence assessment phase, a 100 point scoring system to sustain a holistic view on effects, practicality, transparency and scalability.


During the second phase, the LCA method is used to define indicators relevant for the specific project, and start gathering data. The first data recorded defines the base-line value, against which impact and progress will be measured, and goals and projections defined. Measuring allows to identify deviations, and potential side effects in a “cradle to grave” view.


During the third phase, or the real-time operational blockchain data dance, investors  are able to follow the impact through the Digital Asset Certificate (DAC) they buy.


Blockchain adds the operational excellence level we require and phase number 4 is a formal third party audit to ensure data accuracy and integrity. We are delighted to have Deloitte on board.


Finally, researchers are invited to follow the long-term progress on identified projects.


This is what separates  Nature+, from other companies who strive for similar results: data


As a deep-tech company, we prioritize data quality, and turn impact data into an asset, independent of the amazing real impact we achieve on projects. Through  the Blockchain, data is transparent, protected, and impossible to tamper with. This is how environmental transparency is achieved.